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xrd of refractory material in sweden

  • Analysis of refractory materials - EAG Laboratories

    XRD pattern of refractory material and reference patterns of identified crystallographic structures Electron microscopy studies of the microstructure. In order to gain more understanding on the source of the inclusions found in the glass products, a detailed inspection of the refractory materials is essential.

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  • Synthesis and Characterization of MgAlON-BN Refractories

    2006-3-15 · were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM and HREM analyses. A Matrix-flushing method was employed in the quantitative XRD analysis for the multi-component samples to understand the mechanism of synthesis. The relationship between mechanical properties and microstructure of the composites was investigated.

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  • Chemical, Mineralogical, and Refractory

    2021-4-1 · LKAB, 971 28 Luleå, Sweden . Corresponding author: [email protected] . Abstract. To investigate the mechanisms underlying the depletion of mullite/corundum-based refractory bricks used in rotary kilns for iron ore pellet production, the reaction mechanisms between scaffold material and refractory bricks have been studied on the ...

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  • Ceramics - Industrial Minerals - XRD - Advancing

    2019-11-19 · • XRD is a powerful experimental technique used to determine the – crystal structure and its lattice parameters (a,b,c,a,b,g) and – spacing between lattice planes (hkl Miller indices)this interplanar spacing (d hkl) is the distance between parallel planes of atoms or ions.

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  • 13 Types of Refractory Materials and Their Applications

    2019-5-1 · Refractory grogs act as a non-shrinkage material that increasing the stress resists ability of the bricks . Table 3 shows that the CCS of samples is decreased with the increase in fly ash addition. CCS values are decreased to almost 36% for fully replacement of clay with FA when firing at 800 °C.

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  • RIWKH'HSOHWLRQRI 2 0XOOLWH &RUXQGXP ...

    Advanced material technologies that enable flexible and wearable impact protection. Major Appliances. ... Designers of protective equipment and apparel, safety footwear and other gear choose XRD Impact to incorporate adaptive, wearable impact protection into product designs.

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  • Introduction: X-Ray Diffraction

    ALS Refractory personnel are API-936 certified, specializing in refractory system evaluation, job preparation & planning, material selection, future repair recommendation matrix, repair maps and optimization. Our final report package contains all repair parameters including materials used, sq ft, anchoring and all installation details.

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  • Ceramics - Industrial Minerals - XRD - Advancing

    2019-10-29 · X-ray diffraction (XRD) is a commonly used technique to characterize minerals in mining and processing industries. A non-destructive test method used to analyze the structure of crystalline materials, XRD identifies and quantifies the phases present in a material and thereby reveal chemical composition information.

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  • Alloy design for intrinsically ductile refractory high ...

    2016-12-20 · Alloy design for intrinsically ductile refractory high-entropy alloys Saad Sheikh,1 Samrand Shafeie,1 Qiang Hu,2 Johan Ahlstrom,€ 1 Christer Persson,1 Jaroslav Vesely,3 Jirı Zyka,3 Uta Klement,1 and Sheng Guo1,a) 1Department of Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg 41296, Sweden 2Institute of Applied Physics, Jiangxi Academy of Sciences ...

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  • Synthesis and Processing of Zirconia- Spinel

    XRD ANALYSIS- The XRD signatures of the three compositions (Al 2 O 3, MgAl 2 O 4, MgO) calcined at 1400°C/2 h are displayed in Figure 6. Figure 6 shows the XRD patterns of the Spinel and the support (Al 2 O 3, MgAl 2 O 4, MgO). The peaks at 2h = 19.1, 31.3 ,36.8, 43.0 were detected on the MgO–Al 2 O 3. These peaks comprise of several groups ...

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  • Phase evolution of refractory high-entropy alloy

    2019-3-1 · In the present study, the phase evolution and microstructure of CrMoNbTiW, a new equi-atomic refractory high-entropy alloy, are studied. The alloy was synthesized through mechanical alloying (MA) followed by consolidation using spark plasma sintering. After MA, a major BCC solid solution along with residual Cr and Nb were observed. However, secondary phases such as Laves and carbides …

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  • Testing > Refractory

    Standard Test Method for Load Testing Refractory Shapes at High Temperatures. ASTM C20. Standard Test Methods for Apparent Porosity, Water Absorption, Apparent Specific Gravity, and Bulk Density of Burned Refractory Brick and Shapes by Boiling Water ... Sweden representing Hot... 01/07/2021. Jessica Putnam-Phillips on ClayShare. Jessica ...

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  • Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials

    2017-1-5 · The powders were analyzed with X-ray diffraction (XRD) using a PANalytical X'Pert PRO powder diffractometer (CuKα radiation, X'Celerator detector, Ni Kβ filter). Before analysis, the powders Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials 62 (2017) 97–103 ⁎ Corresponding author. E-mail address: [email protected] (J. Weidow).

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  • Frontiers | A Review of Solid-Solution Models of High ...

    Similar to the importance of XRD in experiments, ab initio calculations, as a powerful tool, have been applied to predict the new potential materials and investigate the intrinsic properties of materials in theory. As a typical solid-solution material, the large degree of uncertainty of high-entropy alloys (HEAs) results in the difficulty of ab initio calculations application to HEAs.

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  • Aspects of Structural Evolution in Cemented Carbide ² ...

    2013-11-13 · Department of Material Science and Engineering Division of Physical Metallurgy SE -10044 Stockholm, Sweden ... International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials 2014; 42: 30 -35 II. On the three -dimensional structure of WC grains in cemented ... (XRD) 52 . Contents xii Chapter 6 ...

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  • MgAl2O4 spinel refractory as containment liner for

    XRD patterns revealed the presence of NaAlO 2 in the white layer on the hot face and minor to trace amounts in XRD patterns from the dark areas adjacent to cracks. XRD patterns were collected on the reference fusion-cast alumina refractory at the locations marked above with relative amount of NaAlO 2 indicated by color.

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  • Chemical imaging of Fischer-Tropsch catalysts under ...

    2017-3-1 · Each XRD image was calibrated (using a LaB 6 reference material), and data were azimuthally integrated from 2D images to 1D patterns using Dawn v1.9 . Each 2θ step in the reduced data set was then reconstructed to create the final 3D datastack, having two spatial axes ( x , y ) and with the third axis ( z ) being the reconstructed pattern (2θ).

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  • Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials

    2017-1-5 · The powders were analyzed with X-ray diffraction (XRD) using a PANalytical X'Pert PRO powder diffractometer (CuKα radiation, X'Celerator detector, Ni Kβ filter). Before analysis, the powders Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials 62 (2017) 97–103 ⁎ Corresponding author. E-mail address: [email protected] (J. Weidow).

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  • Recovery of Refractory Metals from Steelmaking Dust

    2017-7-4 · refractory metals whose physical and chemical properties make them valuable elements for the steel industry [1]. These rare refractory metals occur in limited amounts in nature. Thus the need to develop technologies that can be used to recover such refractory metals from secondary sources has been of great interest for many researchers.

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  • Hard and crack resistant carbon supersaturated

    2018-9-28 · The electron diffraction and the XRD results of the TaW-series suggest a highly textured or epitaxial (110) growth on the Al 2 O 3 (001). The TaW and the TaW(C) films exhibit a typical columnar ...

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  • Exposure of refractory materials during high

    Finding resilient refractory materials for slagging gasification systems have the potential to reduce costs and improve the overall plant availability by extending the service life. In this study, ...

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  • Phase evolution of refractory high-entropy alloy

    2019-3-1 · In the present study, the phase evolution and microstructure of CrMoNbTiW, a new equi-atomic refractory high-entropy alloy, are studied. The alloy was synthesized through mechanical alloying (MA) followed by consolidation using spark plasma sintering. After MA, a major BCC solid solution along with residual Cr and Nb were observed. However, secondary phases such as Laves and carbides …

    Get Price
  • (PDF) Mössbauer, XRD and XRF Study of Roman

    with F. E. Wagner, W Hausler e U. Wagner and B. F. O. Costa. Communication at the “80th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeologists (SAA 2015)”, organized by Jane Eva Baxter (DePaul University). 15-19 April 2015 – Hilton San Francisco

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  • X'Pert³ | Thin Film Analysis XRD Systems | Malvern

    The successful X'Pert platform is continued by the Malvern Panalytical’s X'Pert³ range of X-ray diffraction systems. With new on-board control electronics, compliance with the latest and most stringent X-ray and motion safety norms, advances in eco-friendliness and reliability the X'Pert³ …

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  • Characterization of Ring Deposits Inside a Quicklime ...

    2019-11-8 · Umeå, Sweden ‡Nordkalk AB, Kungsängsva gen 22, SE-731 36 Kö ̈ping, Sweden ABSTRACT: Ring deposits are common problems in rotary kiln operations. The ring is constantly subjected to thermal and mechanical wear counteracting the growth of the ring. If the ring hardens or if the growth of the ring is too rapid, the kiln needs

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  • X-ray Components | Moxtek

    Moxtek has produced superior X-ray Components for over 30 years. Contact us today to learn more about OEM X-ray products, manufacturing solutions and industry-specific applications.

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  • Microstructure of a cubic boron nitride tool material

    2017-10-7 · Abstract. Polycrystalline cubic boron nitride (PCBN) materials are widely used in turning operations of hardened steels due to their beneficial mechanical properties like maintained high hardness at elevated temperatures, adequate toughness and for being more chemically stable towards iron compared to diamond at temperatures typical for turning operations.

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  • Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials

    2017-1-5 · The powders were analyzed with X-ray diffraction (XRD) using a PANalytical X'Pert PRO powder diffractometer (CuKα radiation, X'Celerator detector, Ni Kβ filter). Before analysis, the powders Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials 62 (2017) 97–103 ⁎ Corresponding author. E-mail address: [email protected] (J. Weidow).

    Get Price
  • Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials

    2017-12-6 · Optimizing the synthesis of ultrafine tungsten carbide powders by effective combinations of carbon sources and atmospheres R. Oroa,⁎, E. Hryha b,R.Gilardic,L.Alzatic,L.Nyborgb a Institute of Chemical Technologies and Analytics, TU Wien, Austria b Department of Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden c Imerys Graphite and Carbon, …

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  • Alloy design for intrinsically ductile refractory high ...

    2016-12-20 · Alloy design for intrinsically ductile refractory high-entropy alloys Saad Sheikh,1 Samrand Shafeie,1 Qiang Hu,2 Johan Ahlstrom,€ 1 Christer Persson,1 Jaroslav Vesely,3 Jirı Zyka,3 Uta Klement,1 and Sheng Guo1,a) 1Department of Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg 41296, Sweden 2Institute of Applied Physics, Jiangxi Academy of Sciences ...

    Get Price
  • Exposure of refractory materials during high

    Finding resilient refractory materials for slagging gasification systems have the potential to reduce costs and improve the overall plant availability by extending the service life. In this study, ...

    Get Price
  • XRD Eigenmann GmbH Company Profile | Schnaittach,

    XRD Eigenmann GmbH is located in Schnaittach, Bayern, Germany and is part of the Electromedical, Electrotherapeutic & X-Ray Apparatus Manufacturing Industry. XRD Eigenmann GmbH has 8 employees at this location and generates 1.65 million in sales (USD).

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  • DuraBeryllium X-Ray Windows | Moxtek

    DuraBeryllium X-Ray Windows. DuraBeryllium ® Windows feature our DuraCoat ® technology; a proprietary refractory material consisting of elements lighter than sodium that ensure Beryllium windows stay vacuum tight in harsh environments. This product is highly resistant to moisture, chemicals, and abrasion; making them ideal for XRF applications.

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  • Microstructure of a cubic boron nitride tool material

    2017-10-7 · Abstract. Polycrystalline cubic boron nitride (PCBN) materials are widely used in turning operations of hardened steels due to their beneficial mechanical properties like maintained high hardness at elevated temperatures, adequate toughness and for being more chemically stable towards iron compared to diamond at temperatures typical for turning operations.

    Get Price
  • Chemical imaging of Fischer-Tropsch catalysts under ...

    2017-3-1 · Each XRD image was calibrated (using a LaB 6 reference material), and data were azimuthally integrated from 2D images to 1D patterns using Dawn v1.9 . Each 2θ step in the reduced data set was then reconstructed to create the final 3D datastack, having two spatial axes ( x , y ) and with the third axis ( z ) being the reconstructed pattern (2θ).

    Get Price
  • Epitaxial growth of Cu(001) thin films onto Si(001)

    2017-5-10 · To understand this texture change, XRD pole figures were measured. The {111} and {200} pole figures for the Cu films ~150 nm thick deposited at −130 V bias are displayed in Fig. 2(a) (DCMS film ...

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  • Chemical Stability of Chromium Carbide and

    2012-6-26 · Chromium carbide (Cr-C) and chromium nitride (Cr-N) powders were compared with a chromium metal powder (Cr-metal) to evaluate their chemical stability in solution. All three powders were exposed in five different synthetic biological solutions of varying pH and chemical composition simulating selected human exposure conditions. Characterisation of the powders, using GI-XRD, revealed that …

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  • COMPARISON OF REFRACTORY PERFORMANCE IN

    S 65115 Karlstad, Sweden ABSTRACT Prior laboratory corrosion studies along with experience at the black liquor gasifier in New Bern, North Carolina, clearly demonstrate that serious material problems exist with the gasifier’s refractory lining. Mullite-based and alumina-based refractories used at the New Bern facility suffered significant

    Get Price
  • Int. Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials

    2017-12-6 · Optimizing the synthesis of ultrafine tungsten carbide powders by effective combinations of carbon sources and atmospheres R. Oroa,⁎, E. Hryha b,R.Gilardic,L.Alzatic,L.Nyborgb a Institute of Chemical Technologies and Analytics, TU Wien, Austria b Department of Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden c Imerys Graphite and Carbon, …

    Get Price
  • Refractory Inspection : ALS

    ALS Refractory personnel are API-936 certified, specializing in refractory system evaluation, job preparation & planning, material selection, future repair recommendation matrix, repair maps and optimization. Our final report package contains all repair parameters including materials used, sq ft, anchoring and all installation details.

    Get Price
  • Equilibrium studies in the Co-Cr-C system

    2011-8-19 · LOM and XRD. The work was carried out in collaboration with Sandvik Mining and Construction (SMC). It was difficult to analyze the results with XRD since the intensity peaks in the diffractograms are close or overlapping for the M 23 C 6 and M 7 C 3 carbides. The solubility of Co in M 23 C 6 could not be investigated accurately. The M 3 C 2-M 7 C

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  • As featured in: Transactions

    XRD pattern as a = 0.307 nm and c = 0.330 nm. The lattice planes of the HCP structure identified in Fig. 2a are denoted by considering the primitive hexagonal unit cell. The lattice strain for individual reflection planes of the HCP structure was calculated by the Wilson equation33 included in XRD analysis

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  • Frontiers | A Review of Solid-Solution Models of High ...

    Similar to the importance of XRD in experiments, ab initio calculations, as a powerful tool, have been applied to predict the new potential materials and investigate the intrinsic properties of materials in theory. As a typical solid-solution material, the large degree of uncertainty of high-entropy alloys (HEAs) results in the difficulty of ab initio calculations application to HEAs.

    Get Price
  • Evolution of HfNbTiVZr High-Entropy Thin Films

    2019-3-28 · materials Article Influence of Deposition Temperature on the Phase Evolution of HfNbTiVZr High-Entropy Thin Films Stefan Fritze 1,*, Christian M. Koller 2, Linus von Fieandt 1, Paulius Malinovskis 1, Kristina Johansson 1, Erik Lewin 1, Paul H. Mayrhofer 2 and Ulf Jansson 1 1 Department of Chemistry-Ångström, Uppsala University, SE-75120 Uppsala, Sweden; linus.fi[email protected] or linus ...

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  • The Preparation and Characterization of -SiAlON ...

    2008-10-9 · Abstract. Two kinds of -SiAlON nanostructure whiskers, rod-like and wool-like whiskers, were synthesized by pressure-less sintering method at 1773 K for 5 hours.The whiskers synthesized were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and high-resolution electron microscope (HREM) techniques.

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  • AMERICAN ELEMENTS® | The Advanced Materials

    2021-5-18 · American Elements: Certified bulk & lab quantity manufacturer & supplier of high purity metals, chemicals, nanoparticles & other advanced materials.

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  • Testing > Refractory

    Standard Test Method for Load Testing Refractory Shapes at High Temperatures. ASTM C20. Standard Test Methods for Apparent Porosity, Water Absorption, Apparent Specific Gravity, and Bulk Density of Burned Refractory Brick and Shapes by Boiling Water ... Sweden representing Hot... 01/07/2021. Jessica Putnam-Phillips on ClayShare. Jessica ...

    Get Price
  • COMPARISON OF REFRACTORY PERFORMANCE IN

    S 65115 Karlstad, Sweden ABSTRACT Prior laboratory corrosion studies along with experience at the black liquor gasifier in New Bern, North Carolina, clearly demonstrate that serious material problems exist with the gasifier’s refractory lining. Mullite-based and alumina-based refractories used at the New Bern facility suffered significant

    Get Price
  • The Effect of Zirconium Disilicide (ZrSi2) Additions on ...

    Oxidation Behavior of Alumina/Graphite Refractory Materials Arashk MEMARPOUR,1) Voicu BRABIE2) and Pär G. JÖNSSON3) 1) Dalarna University, SE-781 88 Borlänge, Sweden. E-mail: [email protected] 2) Dalarna University, SE-781 88 Borlänge, Sweden. E-mail: [email protected] 3) Division of Applied Process Metallurgy, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44

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  • Fe-Based Powder Alloys Deposited by HVOF and HVAF

    2018-5-15 · with XRD analysis in Figure 5. The microstructure in Figure 4, shows typical voids and oxide stringers for HVOF FeSP529 and 6AB samples. HVAF samples of the same powder show the same features but to a lower extent. Samples of FeSP586 powder, show the best overall microstructure with lowest content of voids and oxide stringers. XRD analysis in ...

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  • How 10 at% Al Addition in the Ti-V-Zr-Nb High

    2021-4-23 · X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern (λ = 1.54 Å) of the as-cast Al 0.10 Ti 0.30 V 0.25 Zr 0.10 Nb 0.25 alloy and corresponding Rietveld refinement analysis. The hydrogenation of Al 0.10 Ti 0.30 V 0.25 Zr 0.10 Nb 0.25 was carried out in a single aliquot at room temperature, and the final equilibrium pressure was around 25 bar.

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  • Kamran Saeidi - DiVA portal

    2016-4-14 · Institutionen för material- och miljökemi, Stockholms universitet ©Kamran Saeidi, Stockholm University 2016 ISBN 978-91-7649-353-3 Printed in Sweden by US-AB, Stockholm 2016 Distributor: Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry

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  • Kemisk analyse af nitridbundne ildfaste produkter af ...

    2010-6-20 · Part 2: XRD methods Analyse chimique des produits réfractaires contenant du carbure de silicium à liaison nitrure - Partie 2 : Méthodes de DRX Chemische Analyse von feuerfesten Erzeugnissen aus nitridgebundenem Silicumcarbid - Teil 2: XRD-Verfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on 15 February 2007.

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  • Chemical Analysis & Testing Laboratory Services |

    Chemical analysis is conducted for a wide range of purposes from material identification and characterization to quality control monitoring. In our extensive and well equipped laboratories most of the testing is conducted under our UKAS ISO 17025:2017 accreditation (UKAS accredited testing laboratory No. …

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  • Muhammed, Mamoun - DiVA portal

    2020 (English) In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 12, no 48, p. 53665-53681 Article in journal (Refereed) Published Abstract [en] Late diagnosis and refractory behavior toward current treatment protocols make pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) one of the most difficult cancer forms to treat.

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  • Malvern Events - Live Events, Recorded Events and

    Malvern Panalytical offers a comprehensive range of live events including webinars and seminars, user meetings, recorded events including presentations and videos, and online- …

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